Electoral System in Crisis
Electoral System in Crisis

Lulu Friesdat - Lead Author


Lulu Friesdat (lead author) is an Edward R. Murrow award-winning journalist and documentary filmmaker. She received a Best Documentary award for her first feature-length documentary (producer/director) Holler Back  [not] Voting in an American Town, a film that explores systemic issues in our elections that discourage voter participation. Clips are available for viewing here. Her network news experience includes editing assignments for CBS Evening News, Nightline, Sunday Morning, The Today Show, and Good Morning AmericaShe produced and edited profiles of Democratic candidates for MSNBC, and has done long-format documentary work with NBC News and CNBC. She was on the editing team of Gideon’s Army, an Emmy-nominated documentary that follows the personal stories of public defenders in the Deep South. Gideon's Army received the U.S. Documentary Editing Award at the Sundance Film Festival and the Ridenhour Prize, fostering the spirit of courage and truth. Other film credits include Are We Not Men  - The DEVO documentary, Joe Papp in 5 Acts (PBS/American Masters)  and Slamnation by five-time Emmy winner Paul Devlin. Follow her on twitter @LuluFriesdat.


Anselmo Sampietro

Lead Statistician


Anselmo Sampietro (lead statistician) holds a Master of Statistics degree from the University of Bologna, Italy and has also studied at the University of Technology Sydney, in Australia and the University of Warsaw, in Poland. He currently leads a team of data analysts for a company based in London, UK. He won an InnoCentive Award for his collaboration with GeneralFusion a Canadian start-up that is developing clean and reliable nuclear fusion reactors, to build a statistical model predicting plasma performance. He has specialized in the use of statistical analysis software R, the analytic tool used throughout this article.

Dr. Fritz Scheuren



Fritz Scheuren (collaborator) is a Senior Fellow and Vice President at NORC in the Center for Excellence in Survey Research. Scheuren has an unparalleled record of work on complex substantive tasks related to sampling and to the analysis of data from government agencies and private sector institutions. Notable work at NORC includes a landmark project resolving issues with Indian Trust Fund accounts at the U.S. Department of the Interior as well as work with the Federal Reserve, particularly the Survey of Consumer Finances and at the Census Bureau. Scheuren led impact evaluations of Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) programs in Georgia and Lesotho, and formerly advised the MCC on impact evaluations in Armenia and Vanuatu. He brings a proven ability to solve hard, non-standard problems and the theoretical background to back these solutions up with sound statistical arguments.

Scheuren also serves on the Statistics Faculty at The George Washington University. At GWU, he created a successful survey sampling certificate program which he still teaches. Most of his over 450 applied and theoretical papers, presentations, monographs, and books are on sampling aspects of data collection primarily in a survey context. Scheuren served at the 100th President of the American Statistical Association (ASA) and chaired the ASA Sections on Survey Research Methods. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS.)

Phil Evans



Michael Guzy



Phil Evans is an engineer who has designed and built industrial machinery and instrumentation utilizing infrared technology and data analysis for 18 years. He designed the Cumulative Vote Study (CVS) and continues to adapt the protocol, exploring new ways to verify elections statistically.

Michael Guzy Ph.D. is a Fulbright Scholar and Vice President of AnOvation Group LLC. He worked as a programmer and analyst at the University of California, Oregon State University, and in a variety of industry positions.  He has published in the fields of pesticide risk, sustainable policy and ecology, and has authored geography aware web applications.


Election Justice USA – the paper was assisted in its research and development by Election Justice USA, a national non-partisan organization of seasoned election integrity experts, statisticians, attorneys, journalists and activists, whose mission is to make sure each American's right to vote can be exercised without issue in accurate and honest elections.